Thursday, January 12, 2012

Rankings of mountains in Sahyadris according to their heights from mean sea level


Rankings of mountains in Sahyadris according to their heights from mean sea level


Here is about rankings of 100 mountains from Highest to lowest in the Sahyadris.
By the way,Sahyadris are having more than 500 mountains all over Maharashtra .The following table contains only Popularly known mountains amongst trekkers.There might be many other mountains.
Rankings of mountains from 1650 meters height till 1100 meters in height are 99% accurate But from 1100 meters and below,there are many mountains from 1100 till 300 meters from mean sea level hence I have picked up popularly known mountains only but still I have tried to maintain 90% accuracy in this category



Here is the Ranking table


Rank
Mountain Name
Height in meters(Mean Sea Level)
Height in meters from Base village to top
Base village[s]
Description
Difficulty Rating
1
Kalsubai
1648 meters
950+ meters
Bari,Uddavane near Bhandardara
Highest peak in Maharashtra
Medium to little bit tough
2
Salher
1567 meters
900 meters to 1400 meters(from Gujrat)
Vaghambe,Salher Satana dist Nasik, Chinchali(Dang district Gujrat )
Highest fort in Maharashtra and second highest peak in Sahyadris
Medium
3
Ghanchakkar
1532 m
800
Shirpunje,Kumshet Akole dist Ahmednagar
Third highest peak
Difficult and confusing routes
4
Muda/ Gavlideo dongar
1520 m
800
Shirpunje,Kumshet
Fourth highest peak
Difficult
5
Kirda
1516 m
800
Uddavane near Bhandardara dam
Neighbour of Kalsubai
Medium
6
Karkai Dongar
1488 m
750 to 800
Kolhewadi near Malshej on the other side of Pimpalgaon Joge dam
Neighbour of Harishchandragad
Medium
7
Takara
1480 m
700+
Salher
The final pinnacle is difficult to climb
Difficult
8
Alang
1479 m
700+
Ambewadi near Igatpuri Nasik Dist
Difficult fort in Sahyadris. Lot of traverses needed to reach the top
Very Difficult
9
Kulang
1471 m
1250+ m
Ambewadi   near Igatpuri Nasik Dist
Highest climb in Sahyadris from Base village to top.You can see almost 50 forts from top of Kulang
Difficult
10
Madangad
1466 m
700+
Ambewadi near Igatpuri Nasik Dist
Rock climbing for the pinnacle
Very difficult
11
Dhodap
1452 m
700+
Dhodambe near Saptashringi and Kalwan Nasik District
The final pinnacle needs rock climbing
Medium to difficult
12
Pandhara
1450 m
700+
Bari near Bhandardara
Very Very barren. Not a single leaf of grass on this mountain
Difficult
13
Mahabaleshwar
1431 m
500(from Wai) to 800+(from Konkan)
Jawali near Poladpur dist Raigad and Wai dist Satara
Hill station
Very easy
14
Harishchandragad
1429 m
800+
From Khireshwar,
530 meters from Pachnai and
1100 meters from Belpada
Khireshwar from Malshej ghat dist Pune,Pachnai from Akole dist  Ahmednagar and Belpada Murbad taluka Thane
Exhaustive trek of minimum 14 to max 35 kms
Medium
15
Ambedara
1428 m
500
Pimpalgaon Joge dam wall near Otur dist Pune

Medium
16
Mahakaal dongar
1427 m
700
Ekdara near Avandh Patta fort and Vasali near Taaked dist Nasik

Medium
17
Saptashringi
1416 m
550
Vani dist Nasik
Motorable road till the steps
Medium
18
Katrabai
1408 m
700+
Kumshet/Ratanwadi
This place is only accessible from Ratanwadi and Kumshet.From Konkan,it is not possible to climb because it is having a straight rock exposure of 1200 meters.
Difficult
19
Torna
1403 m
600
Velhe dist Pune and from Rajgad fort Pali darwaza

Easy to Medium
20
Raireshwar
1398 m
550
Korle,Nigudghar near Bhor dist Pune
Motorable road till halfway(barring rainy seasons)
Easy
21
Sindola
1395 m
650
Mutkhel near Bhandardara dam

Medium
22
Patta fort
1390 m
300 to 700 meters
Pattawadi Akole Taluka and Taaked Igatpuri Taluka.
300 meters climb from Pattawadi and 700 meters from Taaked

Easy(From Pattawadi)  and  Medium(From Nasik dist)
23
Ajoba dongar
1375 m
1200 meters
Dehne Shahapur taluka Thane
and
Kumshet Akole taluka Ahmednagar

Highest mountain in Konkan
Samadhi of Valmiki Rishi and birth place of Lav and Kush.Special care to be taken by trekkers.This mountain has got large number of snakes and scorpions than any other place in Sahyadris
Difficult
24
Rajgad
1374 m
600 m
Gunjavne,Vajeghar  village Velhe taluka Pune

Easy to Medium
25
Kamalgad
1374
550 meters
Dhom near Wai dist Satara

Medium
26
Indrai
1370
450 m
Chandwad dist Nasik

Medium
27
Markandya
1336 m
500 m
Vani Near Saptashringi
Connected to Saptashringi by a col
Medium
28
Rawlya-Jawlya
1332 m
500m
Kalwan  and same as Markandya fort
Markandya,Saptashringi and Rawalya are connected together
Medium
29
Mangi-Tungi
1329 m
400 m
Mangi, Pimpalner dist Dhule
This is the starting point of Sahyadris.The final pinnacle is difficult to climb
Medium to difficult
30
Avandh
1319
400 m
Tirdhe near Patta fort and Lahavit near Deolali Nasik
Joined with Patta fort pleateau
Medium
31
Mulher
1318 m
550 m
Mulher,Taharabad Satana dist Nasik

Medium
32
Sinhagad
1315 m
350 m
Donje ,Kondhanpur Taluka Haveli Pune
Motorable road till the top
Easy
33
Purandar
1309 m
500 m
Narayanpur Taluka Saswad Dist Pune
Motorable road till the temple.Further a 150 meter climb till the top
Easy
34
Anjaneri
1300 m
400 m
Anjaneri  Dist Nasik near Trimbakeshwar
Birth place of Hanuman
Easy
35
Kenjalgad
1302 m
450 m
Approached from Wai and also from Raireshwar

Medium
35
Ratangad
1300 m
650 m
Ratanwadi / Kumshet Taluka Akole dist Ahmednagar

Medium to difficult
36
Nimgiri
1295 m
400 m
Nimgiri,Taluka Junnar Dist Pune
This is on the way to Nane Ghat
Medium
37
Brahmagiri
1295 m
350 m
Trimbakeshwar Dist Nasik

Easy
38
Nhavi Killa(Also known as Ratangad)
1280
400 m
Mangi-Tungi village Tal Pimpalner dist Dhule
Neighbour of Mangi-Tungi
Medium
39
Pabargad
1275 m
450 m
Randha falls Bhandardara,Guhire village

Medium
40
Dhakoba
1265 m
400+(from Darya ghat) to 1000 meters through Dhasai
Darya ghat near Amboli Junnar and Dhasai tal Murbad dist Thane

Medium
41
Makarandgad
1240 m
800 m
Ghonaspur Taluka Poladpur dist Raigad

Difficult
42
Hatakeshwar
1250 m
350 m
Madh Tal Junnar on the Malshej road
The Ganpati  ghat short cut motorable road from Junnar to Malshej is on this mountain
Easy
43
Ahiwant
1230

Same as Saptashringi

Difficult
44
Utwad
1228 m
400 m
Ghoti Taluka Igatpuri Nasik

Medium
45
Sindola fort
1210m
350 m
Khubi village near Malshej

Easy
46
Wakri
1195
400 m
Ratanwadi near Ratangad and Kumshet

Difficult
47
Durg Killa
1175 m
450 m
Darya Ghat Near Amboli Junnar and Ahupe near Bhimashankar
Very dense forests in this area
Medium to difficult
48
Vasota
1171
600m
Tapola near Mahabaleshwar and via boat till Vasota  Base village Met Indavli
Very dense forests infested with bears. Also tigers can be found here.This area comes under Koyna wildlife sanctuary
Very difficult
49
Bhairavgad
1150 m
500 m
Shirpunje Taluka Akole dist Ahmednagar
Neighbour of Ghanchakkar- Muda
Medium
50
Jiwdhan
1145 m
400 m
Ghatghar near Nane ghat

Medium
51
Chandwad
1125
250 m
Chandwad dist Nasik

Easy
52
Harihar
1120
450
Hariharwadi Tal Jawahar dist Thane and Trimbakeshwar dist Nasik
The rock face is like prism and it is almost 200 degrees from the base.
Medium to slightly difficult
55
Rohida
1112 m
250 m
Bazarwadi near Bhor dist Pune

Easy
56
Tikona
1092 m
200 m
Tikona PethVadgaon Maval dist Pune

Easy
57
Bitangad
1090 m
350 m
Ekdara near Patta fort Nasik

Difficult
58
Pratapgad
1086 m
800 m
Jawali Poladpur dist Raigad and 150 meters height  from the motorable road of Mahabaleshwar

Medium
59
Tung or Kathingad
1075 m
350 m
Tung wadi near Lonavla dist Pune

Medium
60
Chawand
1065 m
250 m
Chawandwadi Near Junnar on Nane ghat road

Medium
61
Visapur fort
1065
250 m
Malawli near Lonavla dist Pune

Easy
62
Kokan Diwa dongar
1035 m
600 m
Sandoshi near Raigad fort dist Raigad and Garjaiwadi near Panshet dist Pune

Difficult
63
Lohagad
1020 m
200 m
Malawli Near Lonavla Pune

Easy
64
Telbaila
1013
450 m
Thanal near Sudhagad Pali dist Raigad and Telbail village near Mulshi dist Pune

Difficult
65
Ghonemal
1013 m

From Bhimashankar and Ahupe
Ahupe ghat is situated in this mountain
??
66
Damdamia
1008
800 m
Naarivli tal Murbad dist Thane and Bhimashankar dist Pune

Medium
67
Bhimashankar
1005 m
800 m
Khandas Taluka Karjat dist Raigad

Medium to slight difficult
68
Shivneri
1002 m
250 m
Junnar dist Pune

Easy
69
Ajinkyatara
1000 m
200 m
Satara district

Easy
70
Mangad
991 m
150 m
Jite taluka Mangaon dist Raigad

Easy
71
Tringalwadi fort
987
300 m
Tringalwadi near Igatpuri Nasik

Medium
72
Siddhagad
982 m
800 m
Naarivli Taluka Murbad dist Thane

Medium to slightly difficult
73
Prachitgad
971 m
600 m
Nayri Taluka Sangameshwar dist Ratnagiri and Rundiv dist Sangki located in the Warna wildlife sanctuary

Difficult
74
Bhudargad
970 m

Bhudargad Kolhapur

Medium
75
Malhargad
955
150 meters
Dive Ghat Taluka Saswad dist Pune

Easy
76
Jyotiba
952 m
200 m
Kolhapur

Easy
78
Sajjangad
950 m
300 m
Parli dist satara
Motorable road till the footsteps. Only 100 meters climb from the steps
Easy
79
Koregad
929 m
250 m
Ambavne near Amby Valley Lonavla

Easy
80
Kavnai fort
916 m
350 m
Kavnai neat Ghoti Igatpuri Nasik
Original place of Sinhasta Kumbh Mela
Medium
81
Lingana fort
908
450 m
Paane Taluka Mahad dist Raigad

Difficult
82
Jungli Jaigad
901 m
400 meters
Koynanagar
Infested with wild animals since this fort comes under Koyna wild life sanctuary
Difficult
83
Raigad
862 m
350 m
Pachad Taluka Mahad Raigad dist

Easy
84
Rajmachi
836 m
450 m
Kondane tal Khopoli dist Raigad,Valvan Near Lonavla Pune

Easy from Lonavla and Medium from Karjat
85
Nane Ghat
830 m
350 m from Konkan and 60 meters from Ghatghar
Vaishakare Taluka Murbad Thane and Ghatghar Junnar taluka Pune
Ancient trade route
Easy
86
Madhe Ghat
826 m
400 m from Konkan and flat walk of 2 kms from Kelad village
Kelaad taluka Velhe Pune and Shivtharghal taluka Mahad dist Raigad
Motorable road from Velhe till Kelaad village
Easy
87
Talegaon Fort
813 m
300 m
Igatpuri Dist Nasik or Kasara dist Thane
3 kms from Igatpuri on the railwayroute to Kasara
Easy
88
Chandragad
805 m
450 m
Umrathe on Poladpur Mahabaleshwar route
Also approached from Arthur seat point of Mahabaleshwar
Medium to Difficult
89
Haji Malang
790
200 m
Kalyan

Easy
90
Dhan gad
782 m
350 m
Mulshi Bhambarde

Medium
91
Chanderi-Mhasmal
790 m
450 m
Badlapur-Ambernath

Medium
92
Matheran
767
500 m
Neral

Easy
93
Kangori Mangalgad
765
500 m
Pimpalwadi  10 kms left after getting down Varandha ghat.Also approachable from Poladpur on Mumbai Goa highway

Difficult
94
Mahimantgad
750 m
450 m
Devrukh Sangamesgwar taluka Ratnagiri
Approaches are nearby Marleshwar village
Medium to difficult
95
Prabalgad
717 m
600 m
10 kms from Shedung on Mumbai Pune old highway
Dense forests.Tis mountain of Prabalgad was also suggested as hill station along with Matheran but since lack of ample amount of water,it was not considered
Medium to difficult
96
Tungareshwar
664 m
400 m
Kaman village on Mumbai Ahmedabad highway.Buses available from Vasai

Medium
97
Gorakhgad
651 m
500+ m
Dehri Murbad Taluka Thane
Buses  and Jeeps available from Murbad.Neighbour of Sidhagad and Ahupe ghat
Medium to difficult
98
Sudhagad/Bhorai
620 m
450 m
Thakurwadi Pacchapur near Pali Taluka Sudhagad dist Raigad
Popularly known as Bhorai in Pali area.So when you want toapproach this fort,ask for Bhorai fort.Nobody knows that this fort name is Sudhagad
Medium
99
Amboli Parghat
600 m
400+ m
Amboli Taluka Sawantwadi Sindhudurg

Easy
100
Macchindragad
557 m
400 m
Dehri Murbad Taluka Thane
Same approaches as Gorakhgad
Difficult


Trekking Season in Sahyadris: From November till mid march


Forts/mountains which can be trekked even in Summer season
Makarandgad near Mahabaleshwar, Pargad near Amboli, Harishchandragad from Pachnai/Kothale village,Ratangad from Ratanwadi , Vasota, Jungli Jaigad and the Koyna region , Ajoba Parvat near Asangaon, Prabalgad near Matheran , Karnala on Mumbai Goa highway



The other mountains mentioned in the table also can be trekked in Summer season but since there is shortage of water in majority areas of Sahyadris hence advised to start trek early in morning and start descending down 2 to 3 hours before sunset

 



A brief description of texture of Sahyadris
Sahyadris starts from Mangi Tungi village near Pimpalner which is on the border with Dhule and Nasik district in Maharashtra and Dang district in Gujrat into the Tapi valley and run in the North South directions parallel to the Arabian sea
From this starting point, there are many peaks which are averaging around 1300 to 1400 meters.Salher the highest fort in Sahyadris is situated here. From Saptashringi,the Sahyadri range is bifurcated.Towards the east,there are mountain ranges till Chandwad-Manmad region whereas the Peth-Surgana –Dindori area of Nasik has very few Sahyadri mountains.This area is gentle without any sharp rising peaks. Thus mountains are absent in this area. Sahyadris are discontinuous in this area
Again the Sahyadri mountains starts rising nearby Dindori area of Nasik with mountains like Ramshej,Bhorgad and thereafter from the Trimbakeshwar till Tillari in Goa, the mountain range is continuous.
In Igatpuri region, mountains are around 900 meters to 1000 meters in heigt
Further from Igatpuri when moving towards south near Bhandardara region, the Sahyadris start rising to its maximum. Kulang fort(1471 m) near Igatpuri has the highest elevation from base village till the top.Almost 50 forts and mountains can be seen from top of Kulang(Right from Salher till Siddhagad near Bhimashankar.So almost half the sahyadri range can be seen from just one mountain )
From Ratangad,Sahyadris birfucate a little bit with peaks like Wakri-Muda-Ghanchakkar-Bhairavgad but this bifurcation is very small.The rock face of Katrabai and Ajoba adjoining Ratangad have highest drop in the Sahyadris
Further,Kalsubai (1648 m/5500 feet) is the highest mountain in the Sahyadris located in Bhandardara region.Mountains in this area are having height of around 1400 to 1500 meters averagely.Highest most peaks of Sahyadris are located in this area.
From Kalsubai,Sahyadris is again bifurcated .The main Sahyadri range continues running north-south direction and also from Kalsubai, one mountain range named Kalsubai range runs east-west direction till Avandh-Patta near Sinnar district Nasik
Further from Harishchandragad, one more mountain range bifurcates from the main Sahyadris.This mountain range is called as Harishchandra range which runs in east direction from Harishchandragad till Tuljapur dist Osmanabad in Maharashtra(From Ahmednagar district,this mountain range is also called as Balaghat mountain ranges)
After Harishchandragad,there are very few mountains in Sahyadris having height around 1400 meters.After Harishchandragad,Only Torna(1403) and Mahabaleshwar(1431) are the mountains having height of around 1400 meters.But since Torna is not located in main Sahyadris,hence we can only say that in the main sahyadris,after Harishchandragad,only Mahabaleshwar has got height more than 1400 meters in the main sahyadris.
The kokan kada of Harishchandragad is having a straight drop of 1000 meters which is second highest in sahyadris
From Malshej ghat till Mahabaleshwar,Sahyadris have average height of 800 to 1000 meters with Dhakoba(1265 m) is the highest point in this region near the Darya ghat a pass to descend into konkan from Junnar .Further fromAhupe ghat to Bhimashankar till Lonavla ->Mulshi-Panshet valley, the mountain average height is around 700 to 1000 meters with Ghonemal(Ahupe ghat 1013 meters) is the highest point in this area
Further the Sahyadris run continuosly till the Panshet valley in Velhe. Again the sahyadri range bifurcates from Panshet valley running east west direction adjoining the Pune region.Forts like Sinhagad,Torna,Rajgad and Purandar is situated in this mountain range called Bhuleshwar range.This mountain range ends at Bhuleshwar near Yawat in Daund Taluka Pune district.
From Panshet valley till Varandha ghat to Mahabaleshwar,the Sahyadris have average height of 700 meters.From Mahabaleshwar,one more bifurcation of sahyadris takes place.This east west running mountain ranges start from Mahabaleshwar-Kolheshwar-Raireshwar area and ends near Shikhar Shingnapur near Phaltan district Satara bordering Solapur district. This mountain range is called as Shambhu-Mahadev Ranges
Further from Mahabaleshwar-Makarandgad till Vasota fort located in the Koyna valley, there are mountains having height around 1000 to 1200 meters
But after Vasota fort,till Kolhapur-Sindhudurg districts and further till Goa where the Sahyadris end,there are no mountain above 1000 meters in height. This region has mountains from 500 meters till 900 meters and the Sahyadris end nearby the Paar ghat area bordering Chandgad Taluka Kolhapur district, Belgaum district Karnataka and the Sattari-Valpoi talukas of North Goa
Some facts
Areas without mountains in Maharashtra:
Solapur ,Dhule, Latur districts and interior parts of Vidarbha in Maharashtra have no mountain ranges and rarely any mountain present there
Though Ahmednagar has record of having Highest mountains in Sahyadris barring the few parts of Sahyadris, Southern part of Ahmednagar district also has no mountains
The Baramati-Daund and Shirur areas of Pune and  Dindori-Peth-Surgana regions of Nasik has less or no mountains.
Forts in Sahyadris
Raigad district has highest number of forts in Sahyadris followed by Nasik, Pune, Thane, Ahmednagar,Satara,Ratnagiri,Kolhapur,Sindhudurg and Sangli
Rock faces in Sahyadris
Popularly known Kada in Marathi language
The rock faces of Ajoba –Katrabai-Ratangad are highest in Sahyadris having straight drop of 1200 meters into the konkan followed by the Kokan kada of Harishchandragad with 1000 to 1100 meters
Rock face on Vasota fort called as Babu Kada (known as ‘Babu Khaad’ in local language) is the third highest in Sahyadris
Rock face on Dhakoba adjoining Darya ghat near Junnar is the fourth highest with 900 meters drop into konkan
Also the rock face on Jiwdhan near Nane ghat has a rock face comparable with Dhakoba in height
Rest other part of Sahyadris,you will find jutting out rock faces of around 300 meters to 700 meters throughought the western ghats.

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